1891 - 1976

Max Ernst

description

German painter, sculptor, graphic artist, poet and one of the key figures in Surrealism and the Dada movement.

Ernst’s father was a teacher at a school for deaf children and an amateur artist. That is why, under his guidance, Max started painting at an early age. From the outset, Max was an impressionable child and fancied going to the forest with his father. In 1906, Ernst’s younger sister was born. That same day, his beloved parrot died. The timing of these two events struck the teenager, and he decided that his small sister had taken the life of the bird. From that point on, the artist repeatedly portrayed people in the form of birds.

In addition to painting, he studied philosophy, literature, psychology and art history at the University of Bonn. Inspired by the statements of French poet Lautreamont about the meeting of a sewing machine and an umbrella on the anatomical table, Ernst began experimenting with various techniques. He combined materials such as fragments from illustrated books, advertising catalogs and user manuals. Items taken out of the context were transformed into new realities. It is believed that the invention of the collage technique by Ernst had a significant impact on the aesthetics of the Dada movement.

Ernst’s talent allowed him to create his own specific world of dreams and fantasies. He was a trendsetter in 20th century American art, thanks to brilliant and extraordinary ideas that differed significantly from those of his contemporaries.




Key ideas:

– For Ernst, the collage technique was one of the ways to respond to the world situation of 1919. “I tried to see the development of the unexpected meeting of two distant realities on an inappropriate plan in collage,” he wrote.

– The collages of Ernst are somewhat similar to poetry. He said: “… the technique of collage is the systematic exploitation of the random or artificially provoked connection of two or more alien realities in an environment that is clearly inappropriate for them, and a spark of poetry that flares up as these realities approach.”

– Ernest rejected the traditional technique of academic oil painting. He partially invented such techniques as frottage, scraperboard, decalcomania, fumage, dripping sand and paints.

– The inclination of Dadaists to deploy secret signs and symbols is reflected in Ernst’s paintings. Like other Dadaists, he preferred “anti-art”, thereby expressing his protest against the values ​​of pre-war life and militaristic ideology.




Max Ernst

On Artist

flow

Cubism

Expressionism

friends

Otto Freundlich

Hans Bellmer

Yves Tanguy

Maruja Mallo

Endre Rozsda

Jean Arp

Augustus Macke

Heinrich Kampendonk

Robert Delone

Georg Muche

Paul Klee

Sergey Sharshun

Benjamin Pere

Sophie Tuiber-Arp

Joan Miro

Alberto Giacometti

Oscar Dominguez

Roland Penrose

Leonora Carrington

Masson Andre

Jacques Lipschitz

Fernand Leger

Pete Mondrian

Mark Shagal

Marcel Duchamp

Alexander Calder

Man Ray

artists

Arnold Böcklin

Salvador Dali

Edvard Munch

Vincent van Gogh

Pablo Picasso

Paul Gauguin

Paul Cezanne

Francis Picabia

Hans Richter

By Artist

flow

Abstract expressionism

friends

Otto Freundlich

Hans Bellmer

Yves Tanguy

Maruja Mallo

Endre Rozsda

Jean Arp

Augustus Macke

Robert Delone

Dorothea Tanning

artists

Karl Otto Goetz

Salvador Dali

Robert Motherwell

William Baziotis

Jackson Pollock

David Hare

description

Mediums: oil, canvas. Dimensions: 54 x 146 сm. Location: Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT, US.

1941

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Mediums: oil, canvas. Dimensions: 46,3 x 38,1 сm. Location: Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA.

1941

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Mediums: oil, canvas. Dimensions: 114 x 146 сm. Location: private collection.

1937

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Mediums: oil, canvas. Dimensions: 100 x 82 сm. Location: Tate Gallery, London, UK.

1927

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Mediums: oil, canvas. Dimensions: 100 x 81 сm. Location: National Museum of Modern Art, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris.

1923

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Mediums: oil, canvas. Dimensions: 125,4 x 107,9 сm. Location: Tate Gallery, London.

1921

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Mediums: oil, canvas. Dimensions: 54 x 43,8 сm. Location: Städelsches Kunstinstitut und Städtische Galerie, Frankfurt.

1919