1888 - 1944

Wladimir Baranoff-Rossine

description

A Ukrainian artist of Jewish origin, a painter, draftsman and sculptor, as well as an inventor who lived and worked in Paris for many years. Born under the name Shulim Wolf Leib Baranov.

Baranoff-Rossine was a vivid representative of the Ukrainian and Russian avant-garde. He was recognized throughout Europe and the United States. He invented the color-visual clavier and presented “bell-ring” concerts at the theaters of Russia, France, the Netherlands and the USA. In the Paris Center of G. Pompidou, there is the device itself and the Gallery of visual effects of the opophonic piano.

Constantly experimenting with color and light effects, Wladimir Davydovich applied them in the military art, having developed the technique of camouflage in 1939. Baranoff was officially registered as the inventor of the “photochromometer”, which allowed to determine the quality of precious stones, as well as the machine “Multiperko”, which produced, sterilized, poured carbonated drinks. His inventions received several technical awards, which, unfortunately, did not save the Jewish artist from the Auschwitz gas chamber in 1944.

In 1972, the artist’s family gave 38 works to the Museum of Modern Art in Paris; his son Dmitry restored the color music piano, which was exhibited in the hall of the Pompidou Center. The artist was presented in 1972 at the exhibition “Significant paintings of Russian artists in French collections”, works have been exhibited around the world, in particular, retrospectives at the Tretyakov Gallery in 2002, at the Russian Museum and the Pushkin Museum in 2007.

Key ideas:

– Being a student of the Odessa Art School, Shulim actively participated in the exhibitions of the Association of South Russian Artists. He demonstrated outstanding mastery of the portraitist. For example, the famous “Self-portrait with a brush” (1907), masterfully executed in the style of pointillism by the 19-year-old author. Later on, Baranoff-Rossine created many self-portraits in different styles.

– The artist’s search was aimed at the depiction of the movement in the original version – he used spirally overlapping and flowing into each other bands as the main composition form. The principle of Mobius band, according to Baranoff, best conveys the constant movement of the space itself. Stripes in the paintings of the artist could be colorful or tonally close to monochrome, as seen in the painting “Pink”.

– Another no less significant development of Baranoff is “mobile sculptures”. Called by the critics “paradoxical assembly”, sculpture “Symphony No. 2” was a collage of many objects (springs, disks, etc.), intricately connected by metal ribbons, painted in bright colors. The dead sculpture (the author threw it into the Seine) is determined by art historians as the predecessor of Dadaistic collages. It was static, although later Baranov created moving compositions.

– Trying to match music and an image, Vladimir Baranoff created an apparatus with such a system of keys that allowed to project more than three thousand shades of spectrum onto the screen. The restored original is exhibited at the Center of G. Pompidou, Paris, where a special gallery of visual images of the instrument, transferred from disks to paintings, was also created.

Wladimir Baranoff-Rossine

On Artist

flow

Post-impressionism

friends

Mikhail Larionov

Robert Delone

Mark Shagal

artists

Paul Cezanne

Kazimir Malevich

Henri Matisse

Pablo Picasso

Paul Signac

By Artist

flow

Orphism

Surrealism

friends

Abram Manevich

Nikolai Petrovich Glushchenko

Natalia Goncharova

David Burliuk

Alexandra Exter

Osip Zadkine

Oleksandr Archipenko

Chaim Soutine

Amedeo Modigliani

Sonya Delone

description

Mediums: oil, canvas. Location: private collection.

1915

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Mediums: oil, canvas. Location: private collection.

1915

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Материалы: скульптура выполнена из дерева, картона и яичной скорлупы. Местонахождение: Музей современного искусства, Нью-Йорк.

1913

description

Mediums: oil, canvas. Location: private collection.

1912

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Mediums: oil, canvas.

1912

description

Mediums: oil, canvas. Location: private collection.

1912

description

Mediums: oil, canvas. Location: Thyssen Museum, Madrid, Spain.

1912

description

Mediums: oil, canvas. Location: National Museum of Modern Art, the Center of G. Pompidou, Paris.